2012年10月31日 星期三

BCI 2013

BCI 2013 will be in Yang Zhou China, I'm one of the headliner. Hope see you there.

2013年 BCI 楊州,很榮興獲邀為 表演大師.
我們將組團參加, 如有興趣, 請與我聯絡.


2012年10月21日 星期日

真柏 Juniper 2005--2011

 Juniper Refine step by step!

This is 20 years Old Juniper.  Harvest from the
 field 2 years!Autumn is the season start  to refine! 

Divide Branch!

One day Work! 2005/12/27

Detail of main Branch.

After one year! 2006/12/20

 One day refine! 2006/12/21

One more year! 2007/12/26

 3 years later! ( Chen Su) 2010/12/30

Students working together!

Well, repotting in winter. 2011/01/06 
How about this design? Do you like it?
Comments will be appreciate.

2012年10月13日 星期六

毛朴 落葉盆栽的王者 Celtis Japoncia King of the deciduous bonsai in Taiwan 毛朴 落葉盆栽的王者

Celtis Japoncia 
 King of the deciduous bonsai in Taiwan

  Celtis japonica, Ulms pauifolia and Zekova serrata all belong to the Ulmaceae Family.  Celtis japonica grows widely in East Asia area, north from Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu of Japan, south to Taiwan, and west to Southern China.  Celtis japonica is classified as deciduous tree specie, it can be cultivated in many different zones.  Such as the temperate zone, tropical and the subtropics.  It is one of very popular bonsai species in South East Asia.  It is even on the cover of the 80th Kokufu Ten commemorative book.
毛朴Celtis japoncia與榆樹Ulms pauifolia和櫸樹Zekova serrata同屬Ulmaceae Family(榆科)。毛朴分布於東亞洲地區,北從日本的本州、四國、九州,南到台灣,西到中國的華南地區,分布非常的廣泛。朴樹屬於落葉喬木,因此朴樹的培植界線非常的遼闊,可從寒帶、溫帶到亞熱帶、熱帶都可以栽培。日本國風盆栽展並將毛朴置於第80次紀念冊的封面。

    Celtis bonsai has only been cultivated in Taiwan for about 50years.  Although the history of growing celtis as bonsai is far less than that of Ficus (300years), but there are many top quality celtis bonsai in Taiwan.  In order to become a recognized bonsai master in Taiwan, you must learn how to cultivate celtis.  Celtis , Ficus and Taiwanese Juniper are three most representative bonsai species in Taiwan.  And, celtis is the king of deciduous tree among them, since celtis is the only one has seasonal change. 


The style of celtis bonsai has been evolved as fast as the development of Taiwanese bonsai.  The early style of cltis bonsai in Taiwan was very standard and traditional, most of celtis bonsai were the replicas of some famous pine or sazuki  style  bonsai in Japan.  The main focus characteristics were the amount of fine twigs, small braches and ramification of the bonsai.  Celtis bonsai had the most small twigs and branches were recognized as masterpiece.  Bonsai enthusiasts had ignored the nature beauty of the celtis bonsai.  After many years of trying and searching, we have finally found the inspiration and teacher.  There is a celtis forest located at Xinzhu County of Taiwan.  There are celtis trees that are more than 300 years old.  These trees are the true inspiration for the celtis bonsai creation. 

Those celtis trees show in Picture S1 are approximately 30 - 50 years young trees.  The trunks of these young celis are straight with less trunk movement and their barks are smooth.  The overall impression of these trees is elegant but does not have the characteristics of old, ancient tree.  These trees are not our inspiration.  In the left side of picture S2, there are some three hundred years old celtis.  The trunk lines of these old celtis move and twist in all directions, they truly show the spirit of an ancient old tree.  When comparing this old giant with these young trees in the right side of picture S2, it is obvious to know which tree should be our teacher and inspiration.  The spirit of bonsai art is to create trees with characteristics that surpass the limit of time and space.  We want to create bonsai shown all elements of an ancient old tree.   In pictures S3 and S4, these are the characteristics of the ancient old trees. , this is where we draw our inspiration from nature.  When I traveled to the west coast of United States couple years ago, I saw some big old oaks with twisted trunks similar to the old celtis in pictures S3 and S4.  Maybe one can create Celtis is bonsai with characteristics like an ancient old Oak or vice versa.  
S13050年的幼齡毛朴,從圖中可以發現,幼齡木主幹比較直,皮較年輕,形狀優雅有餘而豪壯不足,雖然樹梢還是非常細密,但這種年輕態的樹木不是我們學習的對象。S2左邊這些是約300年的老樹,枝幹 變化無窮,或起或仆老態盡露無遺。右邊則是年輕的樹型,兩相比較就知道年輕的樹相和極其蒼老的樹,呈現出完全不一樣的風格。盆栽藝術最主要是能夠超越時空的限制,表現無盡的老態,S3S4非常明顯的表現朴樹歷盡滄桑,卻又無所不包的自由自在,這當然是我們該師法的對象。當我在美國旅行時,發現很多Oak的精神與毛朴非常像,或許Oak也可以創作成毛朴一般。

S1: Young celtis in Xinzhu County of Taiwan.  About 40 years old.

S2: Celtis forest in Xinzhu County of Taiwan.  300 years old twisted trunk celtis and young straight trunk celtis.

S3: Detail view of 300 years old celtis.

S4: Detail view of 300 years old celtis.

The main characteristics of Celtis bonsai are similar to different style of Chinese calligraphy.  The root base is steady and strong like formal style.  The branches should twisted and turn in all directions like cursive style.  The fine twigs are neat with distinction like printing style.  I think most of bonsai friends probably are not used to see celtis bonsai in this kind of design at first.  The first impression will be messy because trunks and braches are everywhere.  And the silhouette is not triangular shape as we see at most of traditional bonsai style.  However, if you look at this bonsai in more detail and study the trunk lines and braches structure.  You will see the beauty of this great celtis bonsai. 
Let us analyze the design of this bonsai.  Starting from the main trunk, there are five different size trunks grown in different directions and move gracefully.  These trunks are everywhere, but they compromise each other, the overall design is very similar to the wild celtis trees shown in picture S3 and S4.  Comparing this bonsai with these old celtis trees shown in pictures S3 and S4, you will see the message that the artist wants to convey.  A true bonsai is like an ancient old tree grown only in the fairy tale, not like the tree that you can see at the park. 
The silhouette of this bonsai is very unique.  The silhouette of Most of bonsai is triangular shape, but the silhouette of this celtis bonsai has many crowns like clouds in the sky.  If each crown represents one tree, then this bonsai is like the image of a forest. 


 Early Spring of 2007  Front view.

Right view  右面

Rear View背面

Material selection.
Seedling of celtis is very easy to obtain in the wild or nursery.  However, most of seedling has fine branches die-back and poor branch ramification problem.  The best celtis material is from the root cutting of celtis trees with good ramification and well branch development.  


Celtis basically grows in all kind of soil, but to prevent fine branch die-back.  It is best to plant celtis in 70% Akadama and 30% mountain sand. 

Wiring and styling
Wiring and styling can be done when the new leaves are harden on May.  If the tree is in good condition, celtis can be defoliated twice or third a year.  The first in May when leaves turn dark green , second and third defoliation can be performed on early July and September in Taiwan.  Celtis in Taiwan starts its dormancy around November and sprouts new shoots at beginning of February.  Seven to ten days after the defoliation, new leaves will start to grow.  Wiring is very effective way to train celtis.

Pests and diseases
Fungal disease is the primary disease for celtis.  After long rainy season, it is very important to spray fungicide to prevent fungal infection.  Scale insect is another common disease for celtis.  You normally will see scale insects appear during the hot and humid summer season.  Once you find scale insect on your tree, brushing them off and apply insecticide to prevent further damage.

Celtis grows very fast, it is recommended to repot specimen bonsai annually.  Trees in training can be repotted every two to three years.  Early Spring is the time to repot celtis.  Once the leaf buds are swollen, you can repot your celtis in confidence.

Creating process

 Summer of 1998, First styling after harvest from my nursery in early spring.

 Summer of 2001.  Branches styled by guy wires and some wiring.

Spring of 2002, tree grew well.  Tree top grew too strong, suppress was done to balance the overall growth.

Summer of 2002, top branches were pruned to balance the growth.

 Summer of 2003, wiring the whole tree.  Suppressing the top growth, let lower branches grew freely to balance the overall growth.

Summer of 2004, styling by wire.

Winter of 2004, removing training wire.

Spring of 2005, more training still required for the lower portion of the tree.

 Summer of 2006, finally looks like bonsai.

 Summer of 2006, using bamboo sticks and chopsticks to adjust the spaces between trunks.